Alzheimer’s care can be extremely expensive, and for that reason it’s essential to know what to expect and what resources are available to you. The costs are broken down into two categories, each with different sources of payment. Medical expenses are usually paid separately from the non-medical services that enable an Alzheimer’s patient to live at home as long as possible.
People with Alzheimer’s disease require regular medical care as well as special care that may include medications or other interventions. Medical services are often covered by medical insurance — either Medicare or private health insurance. But it’s important to examine the insurance policy to determine coverage limitations, co-pays and deductibles.
- Medicare’s website provides information about Medicare coverage in general.
- The National Clearinghouse for Long-Term Care Information provides details about Medicare-related and long-term care needs.
- Information about Medicare Drug plans is also available on the Medicare site.
- The Zip Code finder helps locate a Medigap Policy in your area.
Private Health Insurance
If the Alzheimer’s patient has private health insurance, you should contact the insurer and ask what lifetime maximums or other limitations you may encounter. Knowing what you are covered for in advance will help avoid surprises later.
Long-term care refers to a set of services and supports for everyday activities such as dressing, bathing, eating and moving around. Medicare does not generally pay for long-term care, and Medicaid is available only under specific circumstances.
Almost half of the formal long-term care provided in the U.S. is paid for out of pocket. While not every person with Alzheimer’s disease needs long-term care, it is important to develop a plan because it can be very expensive. Here is s list of long-term care services and their definitions.
Medicaid is a state/federal program that pays for long-term care services. The program is administered by each state, and eligibility criteria may differ from one state to another.
It is critical to learn what the rules are in your state. Each state also provides a somewhat different set of services. Medicaid always covers nursing homes, but the coverage for home care varies.
- The National Clearinghouse for Long Term Care Information offers an overview of the Medicaid program and a link to state-based Medicaid resources.
Programs for Veterans With Alzheimer’s Disease
- The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs’ Geriatrics and Extended Care resources provides details about eligibility as well as home- and community-based services, nursing homes and other residential care.
- The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs extends support and resources to caregivers.
- The Family Caregiver Alliance’s FAQ answers questions about caregiving to veterans.
Private Long-Term Care Insurance
- The National Clearinghouse for Long-Term Care Information also has an overview of long-term care options, with details on cost, how to buy insurance, and state partnership programs.
Adapted from Alzheimers.gov, a website developed by the Department of Health and Human Services and the NIH/National Institute of Aging Alzheimer’s Disease Education and Referral Center.