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Caregivers Need Flu Shots, Too

Common immunizations protect caregivers and those they care for

By Family Caregiver Alliance | April 21, 2012

Without your good health, your loved one's health can suffer.

If you become ill, you may:

  • Infect your loved one.
  • Make caregiving errors or questionable decisions.
  • Have to resort to more costly alternatives for care.
  • Be separated from your loved one if you need to be hospitalized.
There is, however, one thing you can do right away to stay healthy. It’s quick, easy and effective: Immunize yourself against some of the most preventable infectious diseases.

Caregivers Are at Risk


Taking care of a loved one can be very rewarding– but can also cause stress, depression and lowered resistance to physical illness. Lack of sleep contributes to caregivers’ health problems, too. Studies have shown that: 
  • Caregivers care for themselves less than non-caregivers do.
  • Approximately half of all caregivers show clinical signs of depression.
  • Older caregiving spouses are at higher risk of dying than non-caregivers of the same age.
  • Younger baby boomers — those dealing simultaneously with parents, children and career — are also at increased risk for illness.
First Things First
Even though you may not be able to cure your loved one’s condition, you are careful to ensure he or she gets proper medical and preventive care. But you need to do something for your own health as well. Why start with immunization?
  • Up to 40,000 American adults die each year from vaccine-preventable diseases.
  • Vaccinations are easy, safe and effective.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has recommended immunizations for professional health care workers since 1981. Immunizations are becoming a standard for health professionals, and they should be for you, too.

The Big Three

With immunization, you have protection against certain diseases. The most important immunizations you should have are against influenza, pneumococcal disease and tetanus.
  • Influenza and pneumonia are the fifth leading cause of death in older adults.
  • More than 90% of those who die from flu and pneumonia are people 65 years of age and older.
  • Tetanus, although rare, tends more often to be fatal for older adults.
What Is Influenza?

Influenza — sometimes called the flu — is a contagious virus infection.
  • Symptoms include a sore throat, runny nose, cough, fever, headache and muscle aches.
  • Influenza often leads to pneumonia or complications in older people.
  • More than 200,000 are hospitalized and 36,000 die from influenza annually in the United States.
  • 90 percent of influenza-related deaths are in persons age 65 and over.
Influenza Vaccine Facts
  • Flu shots reduce hospitalization and death for older adults.
  • You can get a flu shot and other immunizations at the same time.
  • Get a flu shot if you're 50 or older or if you live with or regularly care for a person 65 years or older, or someone who is chronically ill.
  • Influenza vaccines are constantly updated, so you need a flu shot every year—the best time is in the fall (October-November), but you can get vaccinated through February.
  • If you are under 50 years old, in good health and not pregnant, you can choose to receive the nasal spray flu vaccine instead of the injection.
 What is Pneumococcal Disease?

Pneumococcal disease is a bacterial infection which invades the lungs and causes pneumonia. It can also go on to infect the bloodstream and cause bacteremia, or it can even go to the covering of the brain, causing meningitis.

Pneumonia symptoms include high fever, cough with mucus, shaking chills, breathlessness, and chest pain that increases with breathing and coughing.
  • About 5,000 Americans die of pneumococcal bacteremia and meningitis each year.
  • African-Americans, Native Americans and Alaska Natives have even higher infection risks.
Pneumococcal Vaccination Facts
  • Except for high-risk people who may need a booster shot, one immunization covers you for life.
  • If you are 65 years of age or older, you need a vaccination.
  • Can't remember ever getting vaccinated for this? Get vaccinated and keep a record.
  • You can get vaccinated at any time during the year.
  • Pneumococcal infections are becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics — so prevention through immunization is extremely important.
What Is Tetanus?

Tetanus, or lockjaw, is caused by a bacterial poison that affects your nervous system. You get it through a cut or wound that is contaminated with tetanus bacteria. These bacteria are commonly found in soil, dust and manure.

Tetanus symptoms are severe muscle spasms, “locking” of the jaw so you cannot open your mouth or swallow, and possible death by suffocation. Tetanus is not spread from person to person. 
  • About 75 percent of tetanus cases occur in adults over 60 years of age.
  • About 11 percent of these cases are fatal.
  • Because of immunization programs, tetanus is now rare in the United States.
  • Tetanus vaccine is combined with diphtheria toxoid and referred to as “Td” so it protects against both tetanus and diphtheria.
  • Get a Td booster shot every 10 years.
Where to Get Immunized?

You can get these vaccines from your family doctor. In addition, your community health department or hospital may hold special clinics to offer influenza, pneumococcal and other vaccinations. Sometimes senior centers and pharmacies offer them, and during influenza season, you may even see clinics set up in shopping malls, supermarkets and other places. Costs may be covered by Medicare Part B, Medicaid or your private health insurance or HMO.

Make Time for Yourself


Caregiving can be an emotional roller coaster. You need to think about meeting your own needs while continuing to take care of someone else's.

Your sense of responsibility, of doing the right thing, of “giving back” to someone who once took care of you, can only come about if you remain healthy. So take special care of yourself.

There are a number of ways to improve and maintain your health. Seek out caregiver support services in your community. Join a support group — in-person or online. Take breaks from caregiving. Get rest, get exercise, get others to help.

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