The Kauffman Foundation
, the world’s largest foundation devoted to entrepreneurship, has just come out with its 2012 State of Entrepreneurship and found — well, that the state is fairly depressing.
“There’s been a downturn in entrepreneurship over the past three years,” says Benno C. Schmidt Jr., Kauffman’s interim president and chief executive. Offering a peek into a study his foundation will release next month, Schmidt says that startup activity was down by 5 percent in 2011, compared with 2010.
Although small businesses are often described as the engine of U.S. job creation, the number of jobs created by startups less than five years old is declining, Schmidt says. In the 1990s, new companies opened their doors with seven and a half jobs, on average, but in 2011 they created just five jobs, on average, Schmidt says.
While the soft economy holds much of the blame for the state of entrepreneurship, the nonpartisan Kauffman Foundation says federal and state regulations are partly responsible, too.
Schmidt notes that a 2011 World Bank survey
ranked the United States only 13th
among nations for the ease of starting a business (No. 1: New Zealand). As part of its announcement, the Kauffman Foundation offers a laundry list of ways states can help entrepreneurs, such as: creating one-stop websites for new-business registrations; simplifying state taxes on business owners; reducing occupational licensing requirements; launching inexpensive “entrepreneur plans” for small-business health insurance coverage; expanding entrepreneurial education at state universities and community colleges; allowing credit unions to directly invest in entrepreneurial firms; and encouraging apprentice programs for young people in new companies.
Despite the foundation’s gloomy report, one recent poll does suggest that entrepreneurs are becoming more optimistic.
Small-business owners plan to add more workers over the next 12 months than at any time since early 2008, according to a new Wells Fargo/Gallup Small Business Index poll
. (Before you break out the champagne, it’s worth noting that the small business owners say they’re most likely to hire temporary workers, contract workers, or part-time employees, not full-time workers.)
By Richard Eisenberg
Richard Eisenberg is the Senior Web Editor of the Money & Security and Work & Purpose channels of Next Avenue and Managing Editor for the site. He is the author of How to Avoid a Mid-Life Financial Crisis and has been a personal finance editor at Money, Yahoo, Good Housekeeping, and CBS MoneyWatch.
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