Part of the Political Issues and Policies Special Report
(This article originally appeared on MoneyTips.com.)
The 2016 presidential campaign is an unusual one, full of constant controversy and races that are still competitive on both sides (despite the comments of both front-runners). With the collective campaign noise, it can be difficult to sort out the candidate’s real stand on issues that affect you. Help is available, at least with respect to taxes.
The Tax Policy Center (TPC) — a nonpartisan joint venture of the Urban Institute and Brookings Institution think tanks — has gone the extra mile to help you compare the effect on your tax bill of the presidential candidates’ tax plans.
Not only has TPC summarized the candidates’ tax policies, it created an interactive model that allows you to estimate the effect using only three pieces of information: your household income, marital status, and number of children. TPC’s calculator takes into account the effect of income taxes, corporate income taxes, payroll taxes and excise taxes.
For a $60,000 Family
Let’s start with a middle-class family of four with $60,000 in income. With your income adjusted to reflect 2017 values (the first tax year of the new presidency), you would be paying an estimated $10,960 in federal taxes under current law.
Why a flat tax is popular among the wealthy: low enough, it becomes a better deal than the tax advantages and loopholes that currently exist.
According to the TPC calculator, you would come out the best under Donald Trump, paying $4,020 less (7.6 percent tax rate). The Cruz administration would save you $2,220 (12 percent tax rate). Under President Clinton, you come out close to the same with only $40 added to your tax bill, and President Sanders will cost you $7,520 more in taxes (20.2 percent tax rate).
For a $300,000 Family
Raise that same families’ income to $300,000 and President Cruz becomes the winner, saving you $28,080 off an estimated $98,290 tax bill. Trump saves you $23,530.
This shows why a flat tax is popular among the wealthy — if placed low enough, it becomes a better deal than the tax advantages/loopholes that currently exist. At this income level, an extra $1,870 awaits you under President Clinton, but President Sanders will cost you an extra $31,190.
For a $30,000 Family
Now cut the income to $30,000 and your tax bill would be an estimated $830. President Cruz saves you the most at $530. President Trump saves you $440. President Clinton adds a measly $10 to your tax bill, but under President Sanders, your tax bill will more than quadruple with an extra $3,110 in taxes.
For a $15,000 Single Mother
Single with kids and poor? Let’s look at an income of $15,000 for a single mother of two. President Cruz saves you the most money by far. You would receive $3,600 back under current tax law, but under President Cruz, you would get another $1,190 back.
Here, President Trump offers you an extra $100, but President Sanders’ plan would reduce your refund by $1,760. Under President Clinton, you would break even.
Try the Tax Calculator
Try the calculator yourself and see what the predicted impact will be for your family.
In essence, both Republican candidates Trump and Cruz are cutting taxes significantly and betting that the economy will rise as a result. Both claim that a combination of economic growth and government spending cuts will overcome the government’s revenue loss — which is significant. TPC estimates that Trump’s plan will cost the Treasury $9.5 trillion over a decade, while Cruz’s plan racks up an $8.6 trillion loss. Clinton’s plan raises taxes by $1.1 trillion and Sanders’ plan raises a staggering $15 trillion, but both Democrats intend to use the extra income to increase government programs.
Kasich and Your Taxes
What of John Kasich? He has not released enough of his tax plan for TPC to be able to model the results fully, but the overall results are likely to be similar to the other Republican plans.
To see details of Kasich’s plan as well as the other candidates, check the TPC website summary.
Notice anything missing about these plans? Right: any mention of responsible reduction of the deficit and the national debt.
That argument is hard to find in an election year. There has to be an impression of giving back to voters — either by offering more government assistance or taking less of your money in the first place.