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Stop Financial Illiteracy From Endangering Your Retirement

Too many people over 50 know too little about key financial concepts

By Olivia S. Mitchell


This financial illiteracy has serious consequences. It affects how well Americans save and plan for their retirement, and how they fare after they retire. 



Moreover, and rather worryingly, people tend to be much more confident in their financial acumen than their knowledge warrants.



Additional research has shown that widespread financial illiteracy isn't a benign affliction: It causes people to make grave mistakes, often in more than one area of their finances.


For instance, people who don’t understand interest are more likely to end up with excessive amounts of debt and to pay more in mortgage interest than necessary. They're also more likely to overspend — and less likely to pay credit card bills in full and accumulate adequate money for retirement.


Financial illiteracy helps explain why so many Americans have high levels of debt and little or no retirement savings.




This means investing in financial literacy can have a high payoff.


In our research, we compared the financial savvy and saving paths of two groups — adults who attended high school in the handful of states that mandated financial education classes and those who didn’t. What we found was promising: Exposure to these classes improved the students’ subsequent financial knowledge and ability to make financial plans, particularly in states that devoted above-average financing to their schools.


Growing numbers of companies now offer their employees seminars that explain the importance of saving for retirement. That’s helpful, though it’s difficult to measure the impact of such seminars, since the workers who attend them may already be among the better savers.


In the end, financial illiteracy isn't a simple problem to address, nor will there be a one-size-fits-all solution. But such efforts as offering financial-education classes to adults at local colleges and workplace seminars on retirement planning are clearly worthwhile. Not only will they help protect the country from future financial catastrophes, but they will also help the most vulnerable among us: low-paid workers, the least educated, women and the poor.


The research reported in this article was supported in part by grants from the Social Security Administration, financed by the Michigan Retirement Research Center and the Financial Literacy Center. Support was also received from the Pension Research Council and Boettner Center for Pensions and Retirement Research at the Wharton School. The findings and conclusions presented here are solely those of the author and do not represent the views of the Michigan Retirement Research Center or Financial Literacy Center, any agency of the federal government or the Wharton School.

Olivia S. Mitchell is the Executive Director of the Pension Research Council and Director of the Boettner Center on Pensions and Retirement Research. Both are at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, where she is a professor. Read More
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