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The Villages Is a Success Story, But Many of Us Want Something Different in a Place to Live as We Get Older

The chairman of the Center for the Future of Aging's concerns about this type of 55+ community

By Paul Irving

Editor’s note: Next Avenue has published more than 500 articles in 2021, and as the year is winding down, our editors wanted to share with you some of our favorites, like this one.

We learned from the 2020 U.S. Census that the fastest growing metro area in the nation is The Villages, a master-planned retirement community in central Florida. In a demographically changing and urbanizing America, this dominantly white, politically conservative stronghold bucked the trend as retirees lured by warm winters, pastel-hued homes, golf carts and pickleball courts flocked in.

A group of older adults wearing patriotic clothing waving. Next Avenue, The villages, retirement community, diversity, intergenerational
The "Villages Singles Club" from 'Some Kind of Heaven'  |  Credit: Courtesy of Magnolia Pictures

We are all free to choose how and where we want to live, of course, and new housing solutions for the rapidly growing population of older Americans are needed. But to be honest, if communities like The Villages represent the future of aging, please count me and many of us out.

Florida's "friendliest hometown," in the words of real estate agents, The Villages features extremely popular 55+ residential offerings and was the subject of the award-winning 2020 film, "Some Kind of Heaven." Reports say that Disney may soon create a similar age-restricted community in Florida. It is not surprising that the creative minds behind a "fantasyland" for kids might be eyeing a lifestyle development for older adults as its next frontier.

Concerns About The Villages Retirement Community

So, what's my concern about The Villages and why do others feel as I do?

At our Center for the Future of Aging at the Milken Institute, we have promoted the benefits of diverse cities and the case for intergenerational living, which are very different than The Villages.

A radio jingle promoting this new model of living sang out: "Don't let retirement get you down! Be happy in Sun City, it's a paradise town."

It is understandable that so many people find developments like The Villages a logical next step for their lives. These places can seem safe choices in a youth-focused America that stigmatizes aging, regularly pushes older adults to the sidelines and sees getting older as defined by dependency and decline. In the past year alone, the COVID-19 pandemic highlighted ageist attitudes, as "OK boomer," "boomer remover" and similar memes spread across social media.

So why wouldn't older adults want to live in communities where they can feel comfortable and accepted — in age-restricted places focused on their needs and wants?

From the beginning, shrewd developers recognized the opportunity to provide an antidote to the challenges of aging.

Del Webb of Sun City fame realized that rather than rocking away their "golden years" in the northern cold, older adults could be convinced to pull up roots, leave empty nests and move to communities of similar people and lives of leisure. A radio jingle promoting this new model of living sang out: "Don't let retirement get you down! Be happy in Sun City, it's a paradise town."

But is a town without the sounds of children and a diversity of races and styles really a paradise?

A growing number of older adults say no, recognizing that living with neighbors of all ages and from all walks of life just makes sense. They realize that intergenerational connections are not just valuable for them but for their communities and country.

They recognize that ageism will not be defeated by a retreat to age-segregated corners, but only by engagement, collaboration and dialogue across age, race and class divides. They believe that there is more to graying than playing.

Options for Multigenerational Retirement Living

Fortunately, options exist and new models are proliferating; a recent New York Times article, "Don't Mind the Gap in Intergenerational Housing," featured quite a few of them.

Let me tell you about a few noteworthy examples.

A fast-growing number of university-based retirement communities and co-housing arrangements are improving the lives of all residents. At Lasell Village on the campus of Lasell University in Newton, Mass., for example, older residents commit to studying with students in their teens and twenties. The new Mirabella community at Arizona State University promotes physical, emotional, spiritual, social and vocational wellness, offering what it calls "a retirement experience sure to be unlike any other."

Studies confirm that the intergenerational connections and sense of purpose associated with these types of living and learning arrangements foster health, positive attitudes and well-being. The benefits for both brains and bodies are increasingly clear.

College towns across America provide advantages for residents of all ages. From larger cities such as Boston, Madison, Wisc. and Austin, Texas to smaller places like Ann Arbor, Mich., Iowa City, Iowa and Boulder, Colo., young people and retirees share spaces and learning opportunities.


Beyond the campus, the Modern Elder Academy launched by Chip Conley (a Next Avenue Influencer in Aging) is employing the lessons of its Baja California Mexico pilot as it plans a network of regenerative communities, with a goal of cultivating purpose and intergenerational bonds. The first one will be in Santa Fe, N.M.

What the Success of The Villages Makes Clear

Opportunities for retirees to employ both experience and empathy are emerging in places such as Bridge Meadows in Portland, Ore., which offers affordable living arrangements for older adults and foster families designed to promote interaction, connection and mutual support. 

Clearly, The Villages residents must find meaning and joy in their lives. But many of us feel a need for more.

For those committed to sustainable living, Eco Village in Ithaca, N.Y. offers a multigenerational platform for engaged action and education. Agrihood in Santa Clara, Calif. plans mixed-use housing and a working farm, enriching the lives of its older residents through intergenerational gardening activities and access to healthy organic foods and produce.

Clearly, The Villages residents must find meaning and joy in their lives. But many of us feel a need for more — sharing a thirst for new ways to learn, work, serve and transform our later years. We want to live in diverse, multi-generational communities, remain engaged and contribute to a better future for the generations ahead.

The Census and the success of The Villages makes it clear: There is a demand for new living options for older Americans. For those of us who want something different than age-restricted, non-diverse places, however, now is the time for community leaders and business innovators to design, develop, spread and scale models that enable us to realize our goals.

Paul Irving
Paul Irving is a Distinguished Scholar at the University of Southern California Leonard Davis School of Gerontology and Senior Advisor at the Milken Institute. Read More
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