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How Firefighters and EMTs Handle Racism on the Job

Black rescue workers talk about ways they deal with it

By Julia Yarbough

Miami-Dade (Fla.) Fire Rescue firefighter and paramedic James Weldon, 55, recalls the myriad of emotions pumping through him during a routine rescue call when he was a rookie 17 years ago. Not because of the severity of the medical treatment, but for the words the female patient in her 80s hurled his way.

A Fire Rescue worker stands in front of his red truck. Racism, firefighters, Next Avenue
On one rescue call, Miami-Dade firefighter and paramedic James Weldon was told: "I don't want that 'N-word' touching me!"  |  Credit: courtesy of James Weldon

"As soon as I walked in, she looked at me and said, 'I don't want that 'N-word' touching me!'" recalled Weldon. "At that moment I was shocked. I was embarrassed and I was angry."

Other Black emergency rescue workers tell Next Avenue that they have experienced similar racist bile against them while on the job.

Hearing the woman use the N-word shocked him. "I was taken aback," he said.

Weldon, who is now a few months from retirement, put his incident in perspective, recounting his childhood in Georgia.

Experiencing Racism on a Rookie Rescue Call

"There was a lot of racial tension growing up and I remember being called the N-word in the first grade while on the playground," he said. "So, I knew then that word wasn't good. And that's when my great-grandmother sat me down and talked to me and started exposing these things to me."

Weldon said it never entered his mind that helping save lives might transport him back to that Georgia playground on that rookie call. "We walked into the home of the patient and the husband greeted us. The patient was in the bed and just sitting there nice and calm. There were three of us on the crew who walked in, and I was the only Black person."

Hearing the woman use the N-word shocked him. "I was taken aback. And it was kind of embarrassing because my co-workers were there with me," said Weldon. "But the officer who was with me stepped forward and said 'Ma'am, if he cannot touch you, then none of us can touch you.'"

Those in the fire service point to limited minority representation as one culprit for offenses like that one. If more persons of color were firefighters and rescue workers, that might lead to the general public to treat them more inclusively.

A 2018 report from the National Fire Protection Association tabulated that of the 1.15 million career and volunteer firefighters in the United States, only about 9% were Hispanic or Latino, 8% were African American, 1% were Asian and 5% were women. White men historically and currently account for the largest percentage of U.S. firefighters.

"I was apologetic these professionals had to endure something like that," said the fire chief.

Gary Tinney, executive vice president of the International Association of Black Professional Fire Fighters (IABPFF) who retired in 2019 as Captain of the New Haven, Conn. fire department, said he navigated many racist incidents during his 27-year career.

"I have been told to leave a call, or asked if anybody else was available to help," explained Tinney. "Unfortunately, you have folks with those views. I advise anyone to document such incidents and notify their superior." Tinney said it's important rescue workers make sure their department leadership does not embrace or condone such behavior.

One Reason Why Black Firefighters Face Racism

The IABPFF formed in 1970 to address the challenges faced by the relatively small numbers of Black firefighters. It tracks their data and advocates for increased representation, diversity and recruitment.

A white Northern California fire chief who did not wish to be identified said learning that a member of his team had faced racial slurs was disheartening. When he inquired among his crew members whether they've encountered such racism, to his dismay he was told it happens often.

Two fire captains smiling in uniform. Racism, firefighters, Next Avenue
Miami Beach Fire Captains Darryl Bell and Charlton Price  |  Credit: courtesy of Darryl Bell

"I was apologetic these professionals had to endure something like that," said the fire chief. "One crew member told me it has happened throughout their career. They told me they use such incidents to educate others and break down barriers."

Miami Beach Fire Captain Darryl Bell, 47, said his approach when victimized by racism during rescue calls is to diffuse situations.

"About ten years ago, we went to a cardiac arrest call. I was a paramedic. We worked on an older gentleman who had two grown sons," explained Bell. He and his crew helped the patient, and then put him in a rescue vehicle destined for the hospital. "I stayed behind to clean up the medical debris. One of the sons asked me 'Is my father going to live?' I told him, 'My crew is doing the best we can for your father.' Then he said to me, 'Hey you F'n N-word, you better do the best you can for my dad!'"

A 24-year veteran firefighter and paramedic, Bell became the first African American promoted to Miami Beach Fire Department division chief in 2015. He has since returned to Captain, preferring responding to calls over administration.


One Black Fire Captain's Wish

"I have been doing this work since I was twenty-three. I wanted to be a firefighter since I was a little kid," said Bell. "As a firefighter and first responder, my job is to help you. That's what I do. I wish people would see us as first responders and not a man or woman of color, but someone who is there to help you."

Some Black and Hispanic rescue workers, like Las Vegas Fire Captain Lionel Newby, believe that as long as racism exists even life-saving professionals will be targeted.

A 26-year veteran, Newby said he has encountered patients who've declined his help because he is Black. He called it frustrating, but said he reminds himself that his oath is to serve and protect everyone needing assistance.

"At the end of the day, we are here to provide a service," said Newby. "It is challenging, because you want to give that person one hundred percent of what you are trained to do. And that is save lives."

Editor’s note: This article is made possible with funding from the NextFifty Initiative.

Julia Yarbough
Julia Yarbough A multiple Emmy Award-winning broadcast journalist Julia Yarbough has over 25 years of experience anchoring and reporting, covering hard news, environmental, education, and human interest stories. Having served as a family caregiver to her aging and now deceased mother, Julia is passionate about raising awareness and educating others about the realities facing family caregivers and improving current services. She launched Keeping it REAL Caregiving, a website, blog, podcast, and public speaking platform, to produce segments highlighting the challenges those caring for elders face. Julia also has a bi-weekly newsletter named, offering practical guidance, news, and information. Read More
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